Note that rubber The more the value of elastic modulus means the more elastic the material is. Hence, Steel is more elastic than rubber. There are other numbers that give us a measure of elastic properties of a material, like Bulk modulus and shear modulus, but the value of Young’s Modulus is most commonly used. Young’s modulus is the ratio of longitudinal stress and longitudinal strain. Young’s Modulus is also known as tensile modulus, elastic modulus or modulus … In essence, the Young’s modulus of steel is more than the Young’s modulus of rubber. Coming back to our comparison of elasticity of steel and rubber, let us understand it in terms of Young’s modulus. Young’s modulus \(Y\) is the elastic modulus when deformation is caused by either tensile or compressive stress, and is defined by Equation \ref{12.33}. Hence, the stress/strain ratio is higher for steel. Young’s Modulus (also referred to as the Elastic Modulus or Tensile Modulus), is a measure of mechanical properties of linear elastic solids like rods, wires, and such. Young’s Modulus (Linear Elastic Region) and Yield Point (Strength) The Young’s, E, modulus is given by F/A = E× ∆L/L, where L is the length, F is the applied force ( mg for the weight in this case), and A is the cross sectional area of the material (rubber). If we look into above examples of Stress and Strain then the Young’s Modulus will be Stress/Strain= (F/A)/(L1/L) For the same stress, the strain of steel is lesser as compared to that of rubber. In other words, it is how easily it is bended or stretched. Measuring Young’s Modulus. 15 000 pound/square inch = 103 421 359.2 newton/square meter The moduli of rubber samples are typically expressed as the stress needed to strain a rubber sample for 25%, 50%, 100%, 200% and 300%. So, Steel material will regain its shape more easily as compared to the rubber on the application of force. Young’s modulus formula. Young's modulus E [MPa] Mechanical - 2.5 Elongation at break A ... See all rubber balls. Stress, Strain & Young’s Modulus Young’s modulus (E) is defined as the ratio of the stress applied to the material along the longitudinal axis of the specimen tested and the deformation or strain, measured on that same axis. The Young's Modulus of a material is a fundamental property of every material that cannot be changed. This is reported as Modulus 25%, Modulus 50% etc. 1,500–15,000 lbf/in² (psi) 1 500 pound/square inch = 10 342 135.92 newton/square meter. Young modulus of Rubber (small strain):(range) 0.01–0.1 GPa. Dividing this equation by tensile strain, we obtain the expression for Young’s modulus: As stated above, when performing a Tensile Strength test a stress-strain curve is plotted. The higher these percentages are, the stiffer the material is. It is dependent upon temperature and pressure however. Young’s Modulus is measured during a Tensile Strength test. Young’s modulus–the most common type of elastic modulus, seems to be the most important material property for mechanical engineers. It’s pretty important for materials scientists, too, so in this article I’m going to explain what elasticity means, how to calculate Young’s modulus… The slope of this curve is the Young’s Modulus and any point on that curve is a Tangent Modulus. Please keep in mind that Young’s modulus holds good only with respect to longitudinal strain. The Young's Modulus (or Elastic Modulus) is in essence the stiffness of a material. Young’s modulus, numerical constant, named for the 18th-century English physician and physicist Thomas Young, that describes the elastic properties of a solid undergoing tension or compression in only one direction, as in the case of a metal rod that after being stretched or compressed lengthwise returns to its original length. What is the modulus of rubber? For example, as compared to rubber, the value of young’s modulus is more for steel material (Refer to Table 2).