Black cumin seeds are popularly used in the Polish cuisine, as well as Middle Eastern and Indian cuisines. Each of the spices on this list has its own distinct flavor and uses. Cumin can be used as a whole or in a grounded form. It is also a very common ingredient that is often used in spice mixes and seasoned salts. Cumin is one of the most mainstream spices and is native to Europe, Asia and Africa; however, it has become a very essential ingredient all over the world. One of the things that people find intimidating about cooking Indian food is the vast array of spices used — both whole and ground, which are often combined into complex spice mixes. Anise was first cultivated in the Middle East and regions of Egypt, after which it gained significant medicinal value in Europe. You may also find this spice being used in deserts, casseroles, and caraway seed cakes. Mustard seeds are often grounded to a paste to be used in curries and stews whereas whole seeds are used for pickling purposes. It primarily grows in Southwest India and in the Eastern Himalayas. A pinch of it is added to almost every recipe you could possibly imagine. Its texture is quite similar to that of caraway seeds and it is also often used in baked foods to get that depth of flavor and smell. With the vast number of spices available today, you're sure to find some that will complement your cooking tastes, your medicinal needs, and your lifestyle. These are not only the most popular but feature hard-to-find and exotic spices, chiles, herbs and seasonings. Allspice is a berry that has combined flavors of pepper, nutmeg, and cinnamon. This spice has also been used to treat a number of health conditions like skin issues, nasal and chest congestion, and numerous respiratory ailments. Isn’t it absolutely incredible how there is such a vast variety of delicious spices that are found all over the world? Fenugreek is largely cultivated in the Near East and it is widely believed that the Romans used to flavor their wine with this spice during the first century AD. Onion powder comes from dried and dehydrated onion bulbs and is commonly used as a seasoning for soups, stews, rice dishes and many others for that extra onion-ey kick of flavor. Coriander produces natural citrus flavors when ground up. Spices also led to the great Age of Exploration, as well as to the ultimate discovery of the New World. Many cuisines involve the use of fresh ginger for making a variety of dishes like curries, rice, soups, stews, etc. According to historical evidence, Christopher Columbus discovered this spice in the Caribbean and he brought it back to Spain. They were then introduced to Spain in the 16th century after which the paprika spice began to be popularly used in a variety of dishes, mainly for its flavor and the deep reddish-orange color. Cooking with spices or using them for medicinal purposes can take some getting used to, but it's fun to experiment. Used primarily in Latin American dishes like mole sauce, cochinita pibil, and tamales. Turmeric consumption goes as far back as 4000 years to the Vedic culture in India, where it held significant religious importance and was also popularly used for culinary purposes. Caraway seeds have long been associated with a multitude of health benefits that include relief from constipation, ease of digestion, cholesterol reduction, and treatment for cramps. Phil Sellens / Flickr / CC BY 2.0. Interestingly though, this spice is also used to make ‘fake’ maple syrup that a lot of people believe tastes the same as the actual maple syrup. The use and consumption of spices began as early as the 3500 BC by ancient Egyptians to flavor their food and give it added zest and aroma. Celery seed is usually ground up into salt, and can then be added to many dishes for a concentrated taste of celery. Use it to add some kick to your meals. Since it comes from the same family as ginger, it consists of a similar taste as that of ginger; however, the galangal spice has a piney cactus-flavor profile. Every Flatpack ships for free, even if you order just one. Garlic powder is commonly used in pasta, grilled chicken, salad dressings, curries and rice recipes – to name a few. Similar to cayenne peppers, Chili peppers come from the plants of the genus Capsicum and are commonly used in food dishes for that extra spice and heat kick. The aroma and taste of cinnamon are quite similar to the spice cassia bark and is usually described as soft and sweet with a distinctive spice kick. Use it when making breads from rice as a flavorful binder. Turmeric is a root with a slightly bitter, spicy flavor. Below, we will look at some of the most important ones. It has a citrus-like flavor and tang. Ginger has long been associated with numerous health and medicinal benefits and has majorly been used as a digestive aid and to treat the common cold, flu, and cough. Latin name: Capsicum annuum or frutescens. This has to be one of the most commonly found and consumed spices all over the world. It is commonly made of cinnamon, cumin, coriander, nutmeg, chili peppers, clove, dried ginger, sweet … Hence, it comes in many varieties, ranging from sweet to hot and spicy. It is most popularly featured in Iranian, Asian, Pakistani, North Indian and Ethiopian cuisines. They consist of a nutty bittersweet flavor that is more towards the pungent side. Although cassia bark looks almost the same as cinnamon, it is actually very different and is used more often in savory dishes, especially in China. Anise has a flavor similar to licorice. Soon enough, the use and production of spices spread throughout the Middle East, all the way to Europe, the eastern Mediterranean, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and China. It is native to North Africa, western Asia and Europe. What’s the difference between herbs and spices? Cumin is a seed with a bitter taste that is an integral part to most Middle Eastern cuisines. Needless to say, curry powder is a primary ingredient in curry dishes, but it can also be used to flavor many stews, marinades, and meats. Fresh, small-batch spices. Frankincense is a sweet gum. Spices are aromatic flavorings from seeds, fruits, bark, rhizomes, and other plant parts. Just like other peppers belonging to the same family, red chili peppers also provide numerous health benefits like relief from pain, congestion, and colds. It is also known by other names like Indian Saffron and Yellow Ginger. Some of its most distinctive characteristics include the intense fragrance coupled with the unique ridged brown seeds. Fascinatingly, fennel spice was significantly used thousands of years ago by the Chinese and Hindu people as a cure for snake bites. Saffron is a flower. The intense color of this spice gives curries and other dishes a beautiful golden shade and a strong flavor that greatly intensifies the overall taste of any dish. Turmeric provides anti-inflammatory properties, which is why it can be helpful with a long list of conditions and disorders brought about by excessive inflammation. As the name suggests, this spice sports a mid-brown color. Mace is the outer covering of the Nutmeg seed. The cinnamon spice is popularly used in the production of chocolate in Mexico, whereas in the United States, it is greatly featured in bread-based dishes and is also used to flavor different cereals. It has several medicinal uses and acts as an excellent digestive aid, as well as a treatment for muscle aches and toothache. The word ‘sumac’ is believed to have come from the Old French during the period of the 13th century which translates to ‘red’ in the English language. It also plays a key role in Ayurvedic medicine. Although nutmeg is popularly used in baking and cold beverages, it is also an excellent addition to hearty dishes like mutton and lamb recipes, vegetable stews, etc. This is important as spices ground in other countries can be contaminated or adulterated either unknowingly or knowingly. Nutmeg comes from a tropical evergreen tree that is native to Moluccas Island in Indonesia, where it is also cultivated in abundance, as well as in West Indies. Use it in stir-fries or add it to sweet dishes for a little kick. [hr] 1. Cardamom has a spicy-sweet taste that works well with cinnamon and honey. Flavor: Spicy, hot with a blend of flavors from other spices. Savory is an herb similar to mint. Ajwain seeds are small and oval-shaped and greatly resemble many other spice seeds including cumin, caraway, and fennel. I love fresh ginger in stir frys, marinades, grated into sugar cookies batter, in muffins, curries, etc. Star anise is widely featured in the Indian, Chinese, Indonesian, and Malaysian cuisines and is mostly grown in China, India, and Asia. Ground from sweet red pepper pods, paprika is ideal for preparing everything from seafood to red meat. It is often confused with the spice anise due to the similarity of name, flavor profile, and shape; however, they are still quite different. Indian spices include a variety of spices grown across the Indian subcontinent (a sub-region of South Asia).With different climates in different parts of the country, India produces a variety of spices, many of which are native to the subcontinent. Curry powder is a blend of many sweet and savory spices, like coriander, turmeric, cinnamon, clove, bay leaf, etc. Black cardamom, on the other hand, consists of a very strong smoky flavor so it is often used in spicy rice dishes and curries. It is often used together with cinnamon due to the similar pungent fragrance and a subtle sweet taste. Add it to savory dishes to deepen the flavor. It is often used as a seasoning in soups, stews, rice dishes and many other dishes. Medicinal records from medieval times show great evidence of this spice being used as a treatment for a number of health ailments like bowel conditions, headaches, asthma, cold, fever and flue. The sumac spice is greatly featured in a variety of different cuisines and dishes due to its tart, lemony flavor that is not as overwhelming as a lemon itself. There are actually numerous varieties of chili pepper. Here's one that's definitely familiar to anyone with a sweet tooth. The first is Bitter Fennel which has a licorice-like aroma and a slightly sweet flavor profile. Latin name: Languas galangal or Alpinia galanga. Indian Spices Nigella Seeds - Nigella seeds, also known as onion seeds, Charnushka, and black cumin, has a nutty, slightly sweet profile with pepper, thyme, onion and licorice flavors. Use it in both sweet and savory foods. Read all about the different types of spices and pick your favorite ones! The Flatpack is an easy-to-store, easy-to-use resealable bag that will change the way you use spices. In ancient times, sometime around the 1600s, nutmeg became an expensive commercial spice in the Western world and was commonly used by the Dutch as a subject to keep prices high. Moreover, other spice options like tamarind, paprika, and nutmeg do not only enhance the aroma of your meals but … It is the most convenient spice that … Green Cardamom Pods {Elaichi} –Elaichi, a sweet and aromatic spice, is a must-have for Indian desserts and is equally critical for curries and pulaos.When using the whole pod, it should be removed before consuming the dish. Use it in curry to add some sweetness to the meal. Achiote (Annatto) – Reddish-brown paste or powder ground from annatto seeds with an earthy flavor. Cardamom, Ground. This spice that grows on an evergreen tree is great for boosting digestion, improving complexion, and strengthening the immune system. Common Herbs. Garlic is a bulb that can add a lot of flavor and potency to any meal. Sumac comes from the flowering plants belonging to the Rhus genus and it majorly grows in temperate and subtropical regions of North America, East Asia, and Africa. Use in cookies, cakes, fruit fillings, and breads, or with cottage cheese, shellfish, and spaghetti dishes. This spice is also known as the “Queen of Spices” in India, its country of origin. Dill is a tangy herb that can be added fresh to salads or dried to stews and soups. Moreover, it is believed to have the ability to treat depression and arthritis. Nutmeg is extremely versatile because you can use it in both sweet and savoury dishes which is why this spice has made our Asian spices list. Now that you know some of the most common and popular spices, you will be able to identify them in most of your foods and dishes! However, it is native to the Molucca Islands which is now a part of Indonesia. All Rights Reserved. In the United States, this spice is usually sprinkled on foods as a garnish; however, the best way to get the maximum flavor out of it is by heating it in oil. Anise is widely used as a treatment for coughs, sore throat, indigestion, flatulence, and sleeplessness. Always read the label to determine what type is going into your food. Sweet potato is a starchy tuber with a little sweet taste and high nutritional content. Cloves contain a very distinctive kind of a sweet smell with an equally sweet-spicy flavor. Horseradish is a bitter, spicy root. This spice is popularly used in sweets and desserts like custards, puddings and cakes, as well as in savory dishes like soups, soufflés, sauces, etc. When buying spices and herbs organic is best, as it means you’ll be avoiding pesticides and herbicides that find their way into conventionally grown products. It has a more delicate flavor, so more can be used. Though most gardeners think of using herbs such as garlic and oregano with strong aromatic flavors in soups and sauces, many herbs have a sweeter taste. It has a sweet and sour flavor that works well in sauces. The flavor of red chili powder is considered to be extremely pungent with a very distinct spice kick that adds great heat to dishes. The spice coriander is the seed portion of the Coriander plant, from which Cilantro is derived. Galangal has been referred to as the “spice of life” back in ancient times considering how it was believed to play a huge part in Saudi herbal medicine. Each Flatpack contains the same quantity of spice (1/2 cup) as our jars. Sprinkle black cumin seeds on a salad or combine them with lemon for a savory sauce. The use of mustard seeds as a condiment dates back to ancient times during the Roman era. Whole cloves are often used in curries and other liquids since they also provide quite an aesthetic appeal while ground cloves are popularly used in a variety of sweet treats. Onions are bulb vegetables that can be sweet or spicy depending on variety. Paprika spice is a ground version of this pepper that is greatly featured in the Spanish, South American, and Hungarian cuisine. Deep Cleaning Checklist: Easy Guide to Clean Like a Pro, Capricorn-Aquarius Cusp and Its Complexities Explained, Martin Luther King Jr. Facts and Resources for Kids, Choosing a Tent and Sleeping Bag for Winter Camping, Other names: pimenta, Myrtle pepper, Jamaican pepper, ''Kurundu", newspice, Other names: carom seeds, bishop's weed, ajave seeds, ajvain, Ethiopian cumin, Other names: anise seed, aniseed, sweet cumin, Other names: Fennel flower, Roman coriander, Nutmeg flower, Black seed, Black Onion seed, Black caraway, Other names: wild cumin, Persian caraway, Roman cumin, Other names: Chinese cassia, Canton cassia, canel, cassia bark, Other names: red pepper, capsaicin, chili pepper, Other names: marsh water parsley, wild celery, smallage, garden celery, Other names: chili pepper, red pepper, capsaicin, Other names: true cinnamon, Ceylon cinnamon, Other names: cilantro, Chinese parsley plant, dizzycorn, Japanese parsley, Other names: dilly, garden dill, dill seed, Other names: large fennel, large cumin, sweet fennel, common fennel, Other names: foenugreek, goat's horn, bird's foot, Other names: Siamese ginger, galangale, greater galangal, galang, Laos, Other names: poor man's treacle, clown's treacle, Gousse d'ail, Other names: Jamaica ginger, East Indian pepper, Jamaica pepper, Other names: great raifort, mountain radish, horse plant, red cole, Other names: cuaresmenos, chiles gordos, huachinangos, Other names: sweetroot, liquorice, black sugar, licorice root, Other names: yellow mustard, brown mustard, grocer's mustard, Indian mustard, Other names: pimento pepper, Hungarian pepper, Other names: black pepper, green pepper, pink pepper, Other names: kesar, autumn crocus, hay saffron, crocus, gatinais saffron, Other names: summer savory, winter savory, Other names: semsem, simsim, bene seeds, beniseed, gingelly, gingili, Other names: Chinese anise, anise stars, badain, Other names: sumach, Sicilian sumac, Tanner's sumach, sumak, Other names: bird pepper, African pepper, chili pepper, Mexican chillies, goat's pod, Zanzibar pepper, Other names: yellow ginger, Indian saffron. The list of spices that can show up in a spaghetti sauce recipe is varied. thyrsiflora) Bay leaf (Laurus nobilis) Indian Bay leaf, tejpat, malabathrum (Cinnamomum tamala) Boldo (Peumus boldus) Borage (Borago officinalis) Blue fenugreek, blue melilot (Trigonella caerulea) It can then be used as a flavored condiment for grilled chicken, pasta, pizza, etc. Latin name: Trachyspermum ammi or Carum copticum. Interestingly, it is a very versatile spice so it can be used to intensify both sweet and savory flavors. Paprika peppers are native to the New World and have originated from Central Mexico. While sweet potatoes are quite flavorful on their own, you can also significantly improve their flavor with the addition of a few specific spices. Allspice comes from Pimenta dioic which is an evergreen tree that belongs to the myrtle family. If you need help downloading the printable list, check out these helpful tips. Saffron is basically the stigma of crocus flowers which is typically picked by hand. As a spice, garlic is used in the form of garlic powder which is just ground, dehydrated garlic. Mega List of Spices . Jalapeno peppers are a type of hot chili pepper. List of Mexican Spices. This spice is typically dry-roasted or fried in oil which allows it to develop a complex aroma and a subtle taste. © 2006-2021 LoveToKnow, Corp., except where otherwise noted. While you may already know about the importance of spices, did you know that a massive variety of spices is found in this world? It is especially common with chicken-based dishes. Exotic spices are saffron, fenugreek, sumac, and turmeric. The versatile flavor of this incredible spice also makes it an excellent addition to citrus drinks, lemonades, and margaritas. Use them fresh or dried to add heat and spice to any meal. This is a famous hot chili pepper that is related to other hot peppers like jalapeno. Cardamom has a strong, pungent flavor that has subtle hints of lemon and mint. Galangal is a root that has a taste reminiscent of both pine and citrus. But we often get confused in spice names in English and Hindi. The other variety is Sweet Fennel, which, as the name suggests has a really sweet, nutty aroma and taste. This fusion of spices gives it a mixture of sweet-spicy-pungent taste which is why it is popularly used in several food dishes for that intense depth of flavor. Curry powder, in the form that it is known in today, was invented in Madras for the purpose of being exported to England. The flavor of anise is said to be very similar to that of licorice which is why it is commonly used with honey in a variety of baked goods. With the unique aroma that lingers for days exotic spices, it is native to Jamaica, Honduras, cinnamon! Anyone with sweet spices list mix of bitter, pungent flavor that is greatly featured in originating... 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